New regulations to clamp down on profiteering during the lockdown
allow for the Competition Tribunal to hear matters on an urgent basis –
and to impose pricing orders.

The urgent complaints procedure has now been clarified and follows
the general rules applicable in civil court proceedings, albeit with
truncated time periods. (Read the regulations.

Complaints may be lodged under the Consumer Protection regulations
drafted to protect consumers and customers from ”unconscionable unfair,
unreasonable and unjust or improper commercial practices” and excessive

The regulations dictate that any price increase which does not
correspond to the increase in providing goods and services or increases
the net margin or mark-up above the average in the three month period
prior to 1 March this year, can come under the scrutiny of the tribunal.

The goods and services listed are basic food and consumer items,
emergency products and services, medical and hygiene supplies and
emergency clean-up products.

A firm found to have contravened these is liable for penalties of a
fine up to R1 million or 10% of the firm’s turnover and imprisonment for
a period not exceeding 12 months.

The latest regulations, gazetted on Friday, say a complaint must be
laid by filing a notice of motion, with a founding affidavit, with the
Competition Commission. The complaint must indicate the order sought
against the respondent and state the name and address, electronic or
otherwise, of all respondents.

The commission may refer the complaint to the tribunal. If it issues a
non-referral, the complainant can then go directly to the tribunal.

The complainant must set out the grounds for urgency and material facts or points of law and evidence in support of the case.

Respondents have 72 hours to file answering affidavits and the
complainant another 24 hours after that to file any further papers.

The papers are to be filed electronically and the tribunal may direct that proceedings be conducted via video or telephone link.

The regulations state that if there is a substantial dispute of fact
which cannot be resolved on affidavit, it can refer the matter to oral
evidence on an expedited basis.

The tribunal may impose a pricing order on any firm found guilty of
contravening the law. This can be appealed or reviewed on an urgent
basis to the Competition Appeal Court provided that the pricing order
will remain in force until it is finally resolved.

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